Vermont in the Civil War

During the four-year War Between the States, one in every nine Vermonters took up arms. 34,000 soldiers enlisted and by the War’s end, more than 5,224 died of wounds or sickness. Vermont military units played an important role in several major battles, including the Battle of Gettysburg, and 64 Vermonters were awarded the Medal of Honor. Explore the museums, exhibits and markers that commemorate the contributions made by Vermont soldiers, and those on the home front.

Battery Park, Burlington

 

Major General William Wells was a businessman, politician, and general in the Union Army during the American Civil War who received a Medal of Honor for gallantry at the Battle of Gettysburg. This statue of Wells lives in Battery Park, Burlington. An identical statue can be found in Gettysburg National Park. Wells participated in seventy cavalry engagements, in eighteen of which he led a brigade or division. He was honorably mustered out of army January 15, 1866.

City Hall Park, Burlington

 

This granite monument is located in downtown Burlington, and was erected in 1907. It honors all Vermonters who served in the Civil War. Each of its four sides is dedicated to a different branch of the United States Military, army, navy, cavalry, and artillery. The monument is topped with a sculpture of a majestic bald eagle.

Taylor Park, St. Albans

St. Albans, Vermont, is the site of the northernmost land action in the Civil War, the St. Albans Raid. On October 19, 1864, Confederate raiders robbed three banks and  escaped to Canada. They were captured and put on trial, but the Canadian courts decided they were acting under military orders and therefore could not be extradited back to the United States without Canada violating her neutrality.